Thursday, April 26, 2018

CBSE PORTAL : Download Free e-Books for CBSE Students

Saturday, March 31, 2018

CBSE PORTAL : CBSE Class-12 Syllabus 2018-19 (Biology)

CBSE PORTAL : CBSE Class-12 Syllabus 2018-19 (Biology)

Link to CBSE PORTAL : CBSE, ICSE, NIOS, JEE-MAIN, AIPMT Students Community

CBSE Class-12 Syllabus 2018-19 (Biology)

Posted: 31 Mar 2018 01:34 AM PDT

CBSE-CLASS-12-LOGO

CBSE Class-12 Syllabus 2018-19 (Biology)

The present syllabus provides the students with new concepts along with an extended exposure to contemporary areas of the subject. The syllabus also aims at emphasizing on the underlying principles that are common to both animals and plants as well as highlighting the relationship of Biology with other areas of knowledge. The format of the syllabus allows a simple, clear, sequential flow of concepts. It relates the study of biology to real life through the use of technology. It links the discoveries and innovations in biology to everyday life such as environment, industry, health and agriculture. The updated syllabus also focuses on reducing the curriculum load while ensuring that ample opportunities and scope for learning and appreciating basic concepts of the subject continue to be available within its framework. The prescribed syllabus is expected to: promote understanding of basic principles of Biology; encourage learning of emerging knowledge and its relevance to individual and society; promote rational/scientific attitude towards issues related to population, environment and development; enhance awareness about environmental issues, problems and their appropriate solutions; create awareness amongst the learners about diversity in the living organisms and developing respect for other living beings; appreciate that the most complex biological phenomena are built on essentially simple processes;
It is expected that the students would get an exposure to various branches of Biology in the syllabus in a more contextual and friendly manner as they study its various units.

CLASS XII (2018-19)
(THEORY)


Time: 3 Hours

Max. Marks: 70

Unit

Title No. of Periods

Marks

VI Reproduction 30

14

VII Genetics and Evolution 40

18

VIII Biology and Human Welfare 30

14

IX Biotechnology and its Applications 30

10

X

Ecology and Environment 30

14

  Total 160

70

Unit-VI Reproduction : 30 periods

Chapter-1: Reproduction in Organisms
Reproduction, a characteristic feature of all organisms for continuation of species; modes of reproduction - asexual and sexual reproduction; asexual reproduction - binary fission, sporulation, budding, gemmule formation, fragmentation; vegetative propagation in plants.

Chapter-2: Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants
Flower structure; development of male and female gametophytes; pollination - types, agencies and examples; outbreeding devices; pollen-pistil interaction; double fertilization; post fertilization events - development of endosperm and embryo, development of seed and formation of fruit; special modes-apomixis, parthenocarpy, polyembryony; Significance of seed dispersal and fruit formation.

Chapter-3: Human Reproduction
Male and female reproductive systems; microscopic anatomy of testis and ovary; gametogenesis - spermatogenesis and oogenesis; menstrual cycle; fertilisation, embryo development upto blastocyst formation, implantation; pregnancy and placenta formation (elementary idea); parturition (elementary idea); lactation (elementary idea).

Chapter-4: Reproductive Health
Need for reproductive health and prevention of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs); birth control - need and methods, contraception and medical termination of pregnancy (MTP); amniocentesis; infertility and assisted reproductive technologies - IVF, ZIFT, GIFT (elementary idea for general awareness).

Unit-VII Genetics and Evolution : 40 Periods

Chapter-5: Principles of Inheritance and Variation
Heredity and variation: Mendelian inheritance; deviations from Mendelism – incomplete dominance, co-dominance, multiple alleles and inheritance of blood groups, pleiotropy; elementary idea of polygenic inheritance; chromosome theory of inheritance; chromosomes and genes; Sex determination - in humans, birds and honey bee; linkage and crossing over; sex linked inheritance - haemophilia, colour blindness; Mendelian disorders in humans - thalassemia;
chromosomal disorders in humans; Down's syndrome, Turner's and Klinefelter's syndromes.

Click Here To Download Full Syllabus

Courtesy: CBSE

<< Go Back to Main Page

CBSE Class-12 Syllabus 2018-19 (Chemistry)

Posted: 31 Mar 2018 01:20 AM PDT

CBSE-CLASS-12-LOGO

CBSE Class-12 Syllabus 2018-19 (Chemistry)

Rationale

Higher Secondary is the most crucial stage of school education because at this juncture specialized discipline based, content -oriented courses are introduced. Students reach this stage after 10 years of general education and opt for Chemistry with a purpose of pursuing their career in basic sciences or professional courses like medicine, engineering, technology and other applied areas. Therefore, there is a need to provide learners with sufficient conceptual background of Chemistry, which will make them competent to meet the challenges of academic and professional courses after the senior secondary stage.

The new and updated curriculum is based on disciplinary approach with rigour and depth taking care that the syllabus is not heavy and at the same time it is comparable to the international level. The knowledge related to the subject of Chemistry has undergone tremendous changes during the past one decade. Many new areas like synthetic materials, bio -molecules, natural resources, industrial chemistry are coming in a big way and deserve to be an integral part of chemistry syllabus at senior secondary stage. At international level, new formulations and nomenclature of elements and compounds, symbols and units of physical quantities floated by scientific bodies like IUPAC and CGPM are of immense importance and need to be incorporated in the updated syllabus. The revised syllabus takes care of all these aspects. Greater emphasis has been laid on use of new nomenclature, symbols and formulations, teaching of fundamental concepts, application of concepts in chemistry to industry/ technology, logical sequencing of units, removal of obsolete content and repetition, etc.

Objectives

The curriculum of Chemistry at Senior Secondary Stage aims to:
• promote understanding of basic facts and concepts in chemistry while retaining the excitement of chemistry.
• make students capable of studying chemistry in academic and professional courses (such as medicine, engineering, technology) at tertiary level.
• expose the students to various emerging new areas of chemistry and apprise them with their relevance in future studies and their application in various spheres of chemical sciences and technology.
• equip students to face various challenges related to health, nutrition, environment, population, weather, industries and agriculture.
• develop problem solving skills in students.
• expose the students to different processes used in industries and their technological applications.
• apprise students with interface of chemistry with other disciplines of science such as physics, biology, geology, engineering etc.
• acquaint students with different aspects of chemistry used in daily life.
• develop an interest in students to study chemistry as a discipline.
• integrate life skills and values in the context of chemistry.

CLASS XII (2018-19)
THEORY

Total Periods (Theory 160 + Practical 60)

Time: 3 Hours

70 Marks

Unit No.

Title

No. of Periods

Marks

Unit I

Solid State

10

 

 

23

Unit II

Solutions

10

Unit III

Electrochemistry

12

Unit IV

Chemical Kinetics

10

Unit V

Surface Chemistry

08

Unit VI

General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements

08

 

19

Unit VII

p-Block Elements

12

Unit VIII

d -and f -Block Elements

12

 

Unit IX

Coordination Compounds

12

Unit X

Haloalkanes and Haloarenes

10

 

 

 

28

Unit XI

Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers

10

Unit XII

Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids

10

Unit XIII

Organic Compounds containing Nitrogen

10

Unit XIV

Biomolecules

12

Unit XV

Polymers

08

Unit XVI

Chemistry in Everyday Life

06

 

Total

160

70

Click Here To Download Full Syllabus

Courtesy: CBSE

<< Go Back to Main Page

Wednesday, March 28, 2018

CBSE PORTAL : CBSE Class-9 Syllabus 2018-19 (Carnatic Music)

CBSE PORTAL : CBSE Class-9 Syllabus 2018-19 (Carnatic Music)

Link to CBSE PORTAL : CBSE, ICSE, NIOS, JEE-MAIN, AIPMT Students Community

CBSE Class-9 Syllabus 2018-19 (Carnatic Music)

Posted: 28 Mar 2018 12:40 AM PDT

CBSE-CLASS-9-LOGO

CBSE Class-9 Syllabus 2018-19 (Carnatic Music)

CARNATIC MUSIC (VOCAL) Theory

Syllabus for Class IX


Periods: 135

Marks: 25

I. Brief history of Carnatic Music with special reference to Saint Purandara dasa, Annamacharya, Bhadrachala Ramadasa, Saint Tyagaraja, Muthuswamy Dikshitar, Syama Shastry and Swati Tirunal.
II. Definition of the following terms:
Sangeetam, Nada, raga, laya, Tala, Dhatu, Mathu, Sruti, Alankara, Arohana, Avarohana, Graha (Sama, Atita, Anagata), Svara – Prakruti & Vikriti Svaras, Poorvanga & Uttaranga, Sthayi, vadi, Samvadi, Anuvadi & Vivadi Svara – Amsa, Nyasa and Jeeva.
III. Brief raga lakshanas of Mohanam, Hamsadhvani, Malahari, Sankarabharanam, Mayamalavagoula, Bilahari, khamas, Kharaharapriya, Kalyani, Abhogi & Hindolam.
IV. Brief knowledge about the musical forms.
Geetam, Svarajati, Svara Exercises, Alankaras, Varnam, Jatisvaram, Kirtana & Kriti.
V. Description of following Talas:
Adi – Single & Double Kalai, Roopakam,
Chapu – Tisra, Misra & Khanda and Sooladi Sapta Talas.

CARNATIC MUSIC (VOCAL) Theory
Format of Written Examination for Class IX

25 Marks

1. Long Answer (Essay)
a. Biography 05 Marks
b. Musical Forms 05 Marks

Short Answers with Examples

c. Writing of minimum three Raga-lakshana from prescribed list in the syllabus. 05 Marks
d. Description of talas, illustrating with examples. 05 Marks
e. Short notes of minimum 05 technical terms from the topic II. 05 Marks

Note: - Examiners should set atleast seven questions in total and the students should answer five questions from them, including two Essays, two short answer and short notes questions based on technical terms (topic - II) will be compulsory.

CARNATIC MUSIC (VOCAL) Practical
Syllabus for Class IX
Periods: 405
Marks: 75

I. Vocal exercises – Svaravalis, Hechchu and Taggu Sthayi, Alankaras in three degrees of speed.
II. Simple Geetams – Two Pillari Gitams, two Sadharana Geetams or Sanchari Geetams.
III. Simple Svarajatis in Khamas and Bilahari raga.
IV. Four Adi tala Varnams in two degrees of speed.
V. 6 Keertanas in the ragas prescribed.
VI. Svarajnanam test in the prescribed ragas and learnt compositions.
VII. Singing of one Devarnama, one Patriotic song, one Tiruppugazh and one folk song.

CARNATIC MUSIC (VOCAL) Theory
Format of Practical Examination for Class IX
Marks: 75

1. Questions based on vocal exercises in three degrees of speed. 10 Marks
2. Geetam – At least two from the syllabus 10 Marks
3. Questions based on Swarajatis taught. 10 Marks
4. Singing of Varnams in two degrees of speed. 15 Marks
5. Questions based on Keertanas learnt. 20 Marks
a. Rendering of Kirtana
b. Swarajnanam test
c. Details of the ragas
6. Singing of one or two item from the topic VI 10 Marks

Click Here To Download Full Carnatic Music Vocal Syllabus

Click Here To Download Full Carnatic Music Percussion Syllabus

Click Here To Download Full Carnatic Music Melodic Instrument Syllabus

Courtesy: CBSE

<< Go Back to Main Page

CBSE Class-9 Syllabus 2018-19 (Social Science)

Posted: 28 Mar 2018 12:22 AM PDT

CBSE-CLASS-9-LOGO

CBSE Class-9 Syllabus 2018-19 (Social Science)

Rationale

Social Science is a compulsory subject upto secondary stage of school education. It is an integral component of general education because it helps the learners in understanding the environment in its totality and developing a broader perspective and an empirical, reasonable and humane outlook. This is of crucial importance because it helps them grow into well-informed and responsible citizens with necessary attributes and skills for being able to participate and contribute effectively in the process of development and nation- building.
The Social Science curriculum draws its content mainly from Geography, History, Political Science and Economics. Some elements of Sociology and Commerce are also included. Together they provide a comprehensive view of society-over space and time, and in relation to each other. Each subject’s distinct methods of enquiry help the learners to understand society from different angles and form a holistic view.

Objectives

The main objectives of this syllabus are:
• to develop an understanding of the processes of change and development-both in terms of time and space, through which human societies have evolved.
• to make learners realise that the process of change is continuous and any event or phenomenon or issue cannot be viewed in isolation but in a wider context of time and space.
• to develop an understanding of contemporary India with its historical perspective, of the basic framework of the goals and policies of national development in independent India, and of the process of change with appropriate connections to world development.
• to deepen knowledge about and understanding of India’s freedom struggle and of the values and ideals that it represented, and to develop an appreciation of the contributions made by people of all sections and regions of the country.
• to help learners understand and cherish the values enshrined in the Indian Constitution and to prepare them for their roles and responsibilities as effective citizens of a democratic society.
• to deepen the knowledge and understanding of India’s environment in its totality, their interactive processes and effects on the future quality of people’s lives.
• to facilitate the learners to understand and appreciate the diversity in the land and people of the country with its underlying unity.
• to develop an appreciation of the richness and variety of India’s heritage-both

• to promote an understanding of the issues and challenges of contemporary India-environmental, economic and social, as part of the development process.
• to help pupils acquire knowledge, skills and understanding to face the challenges of contemporary society as individuals and groups and learn the art of living a confident and stress-free life as well as participating effectively in the community.
• to develop scientific temper by promoting the spirit of enquiry and following a rational and objective approach in analysing and evaluating data and information as well as views and interpretations.
• to develop academic and social skills such as critical thinking, communicating effectively both in visual and verbal forms- cooperating with others, taking initiatives and providing leadership in solving others’ problems.
• to develop qualities clustered around the personal, social, moral, national and spiritual values that make a person humane and socially effective.

COURSE STRUCTURE

CLASS IX

Time: 3 Hrs.

Max. Marks: 80

No.

Units Marks

Periods

I India and the Contemporary World - I 20

60

II Contemporary India - I 20

55

III Democratic Politics - I 20

50

IV Economics 20

50

  Total 80

215

Click Here To Download Full Syllabus

Courtesy: CBSE

<< Go Back to Main Page

CBSE Class-12 Syllabus 2018-19 (Physics)

Posted: 27 Mar 2018 11:52 PM PDT

CBSE-CLASS-12-LOGO

CBSE Class-12 Syllabus 2018-19 (Physics)

Senior Secondary stage of school education is a stage of transition from general education to discipline-based focus on curriculum. The present updated syllabus keeps in view the rigour and depth of disciplinary approach as well as the comprehension level of learners. Due care has also been taken that the syllabus is comparable to the international standards. Salient features of the syllabus include:

  • Emphasis on basic conceptual understanding of the content.
  • Emphasis on use of SI units, symbols, nomenclature of physical quantities and formulations as per international standards.
  • Providing logical sequencing of units of the subject matter and proper placement of concepts with their linkage for better learning.
  • Reducing the curriculum load by eliminating overlapping of concepts/content within the discipline and other disciplines.
  • Promotion of process-skills, problem-solving abilities and applications of Physics concepts.

Besides, the syllabus also attempts to

  • strengthen the concepts developed at the secondary stage to provide firm foundation for further learning in the subject.
  • expose the learners to different processes used in Physics-related industrial and technological applications.
  • develop process-skills and experimental, observational, manipulative, decision making and investigatory skills in the learners.
  • promote problem solving abilities and creative thinking in learners.
  • develop conceptual competence in the learners and make them realize and appreciate the interface of Physics with other disciplines.

CLASS XII (2018-19)
(THEORY)

Time: 3 hrs.

Max Marks: 70

 

 

No. of Periods

Marks

Unit–I

Electrostatics

 

 

22

 

 

 

 

15

 

Chapter–1: Electric Charges and Fields

 

 

Chapter–2: Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance

Unit-II

Current Electricity

 

20

 

Chapter–3: Current Electricity

Unit-III

Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism

 

 

22

 

 

 

 

16

 

Chapter–4: Moving Charges and Magnetism

 

Chapter–5: Magnetism and Matter

Unit-IV

Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents

 

 

20

 

Chapter–6: Electromagnetic Induction

 

Chapter–7: Alternating Current

Unit–V

Electromagnetic Waves

 

04

 

 

 

 

17

 

Chapter–8: Electromagnetic Waves

Unit–VI

Optics

 

 

25

 

Chapter–9: Ray Optics and Optical Instruments

 

Chapter–10: Wave Optics

Unit–VII

Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter

 

08

 

 

 

 

10

 

Chapter–11: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter

Unit–VIII

Atoms and Nuclei

 

 

14

 

Chapter–12: Atoms

 

Chapter–13: Nuclei

Unit–IX

Electronic Devices

 

 

15

 

 

 

 

12

 

Chapter–14:   Semiconductor    Electronics:    Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits

Unit–X

Communication Systems

 

10

 

Chapter–15: Communication Systems

Total

160

70

Click Here To Download Full Syllabus

Courtesy: CBSE

<< Go Back to Main Page

CBSE Class-12 Syllabus 2018-19 (Mathematics)

Posted: 27 Mar 2018 11:46 PM PDT

CBSE-CLASS-12-LOGO

CBSE Class-12 Syllabus 2018-19 (Mathematics)

The Syllabus in the subject of Mathematics has undergone changes from time to time in accordance with growth of the subject and emerging needs of the society. Senior Secondary stage is a launching stage from where the students go either for higher academic education in Mathematics or for professional courses like Engineering, Physical and Bioscience, Commerce or Computer Applications. The present revised syllabus has been designed in accordance with National Curriculum Framework 2005 and as per guidelines given in Focus Group on Teaching of Mathematics 2005 which is to meet the emerging needs of all categories of students. Motivating the topics from real life situations and other subject areas, greater emphasis has been laid on application of various concepts.

Objectives

The broad objectives of teaching Mathematics at senior school stage intend to help the students:

  • to acquire knowledge and critical understanding, particularly by way of motivation and visualization, of basic concepts, terms, principles, symbols and mastery of underlying processes and skills.
  • to feel the flow of reasons while proving a result or solving a problem.
  • to apply the knowledge and skills acquired to solve problems and wherever possible, by more than one method.
  • to develop positive attitude to think, analyze and articulate logically.
  • to develop interest in the subject by participating in related competitions.
  • to acquaint students with different aspects of Mathematics used in daily life.
  • to develop an interest in students to study Mathematics as a discipline.
  • to develop awareness of the need for national integration, protection of environment, observance of small family norms, removal of social barriers, elimination of gender biases.
  • to develop reverence and respect towards great Mathematicians for their contributions to the field of Mathematics.

CLASS-XII
(2018-19)

One Paper

Time: 3 hrs.
Max Marks. 100

Units

  No. of Periods

Marks

I Relations and Functions 30

10

II Algebra 50

13

III Calculus 80

44

IV Vectors and Three - Dimensional Geometry 30

17

V Linear Programming 20

06

VI Probability 30

10

  Total 240

100

Unit-I: Relations and Functions

1. Relations and Functions ; 15 Periods
Types of relations: reflexive, symmetric, transitive and equivalence relations. One to one and onto functions, composite functions, inverse of a function. Binary operations.
2. Inverse Trigonometric Functions 15 Periods
Definition, range, domain, principal value branch. Graphs of inverse trigonometric functions. Elementary properties of inverse trigonometric functions.

Unit-II: Algebra

1. Matrices ; 25 Periods

Concept, notation, order, equality, types of matrices, zero and identity matrix, transpose of a matrix, symmetric and skew symmetric matrices. Operation on matrices: Addition and multiplication and multiplication with a scalar. Simple properties of addition, multiplication and scalar multiplication. Non- commutativity of multiplication of matrices and existence of non-zero matrices whose product is the zero matrix (restrict to square matrices of order 2).Concept of elementary row and column operations. Invertible matrices and proof of the uniqueness of inverse, if it exists; (Here all matrices will have real entries).

2. Determinants ; 25 Periods

Determinant of a square matrix (up to 3 x 3 matrices), properties of determinants, minors, co-factors and applications of determinants in finding the area of a triangle. Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix. Consistency, inconsistency and number of solutions of system of linear equations by examples, solving system of linear equations in two or three variables (having unique solution) using inverse of a matrix.

 

 

Click Here To Download Full Syllabus

Courtesy: CBSE

<< Go Back to Main Page