Posted: 31 Mar 2018 01:34 AM PDT
CBSE Class-12 Syllabus 2018-19 (Biology)
The present syllabus provides the students with new concepts along with an extended exposure to contemporary areas of the subject. The syllabus also aims at emphasizing on the underlying principles that are common to both animals and plants as well as highlighting the relationship of Biology with other areas of knowledge. The format of the syllabus allows a simple, clear, sequential flow of concepts. It relates the study of biology to real life through the use of technology. It links the discoveries and innovations in biology to everyday life such as environment, industry, health and agriculture. The updated syllabus also focuses on reducing the curriculum load while ensuring that ample opportunities and scope for learning and appreciating basic concepts of the subject continue to be available within its framework. The prescribed syllabus is expected to: promote understanding of basic principles of Biology; encourage learning of emerging knowledge and its relevance to individual and society; promote rational/scientific attitude towards issues related to population, environment and development; enhance awareness about environmental issues, problems and their appropriate solutions; create awareness amongst the learners about diversity in the living organisms and developing respect for other living beings; appreciate that the most complex biological phenomena are built on essentially simple processes;
CLASS XII (2018-19)
Max. Marks: 70
Unit-VI Reproduction : 30 periods
Chapter-1: Reproduction in Organisms
Chapter-2: Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants
Chapter-3: Human Reproduction
Chapter-4: Reproductive Health
Unit-VII Genetics and Evolution : 40 Periods
Chapter-5: Principles of Inheritance and Variation
Posted: 31 Mar 2018 01:20 AM PDT
CBSE Class-12 Syllabus 2018-19 (Chemistry)
Higher Secondary is the most crucial stage of school education because at this juncture specialized discipline based, content -oriented courses are introduced. Students reach this stage after 10 years of general education and opt for Chemistry with a purpose of pursuing their career in basic sciences or professional courses like medicine, engineering, technology and other applied areas. Therefore, there is a need to provide learners with sufficient conceptual background of Chemistry, which will make them competent to meet the challenges of academic and professional courses after the senior secondary stage.
The new and updated curriculum is based on disciplinary approach with rigour and depth taking care that the syllabus is not heavy and at the same time it is comparable to the international level. The knowledge related to the subject of Chemistry has undergone tremendous changes during the past one decade. Many new areas like synthetic materials, bio -molecules, natural resources, industrial chemistry are coming in a big way and deserve to be an integral part of chemistry syllabus at senior secondary stage. At international level, new formulations and nomenclature of elements and compounds, symbols and units of physical quantities floated by scientific bodies like IUPAC and CGPM are of immense importance and need to be incorporated in the updated syllabus. The revised syllabus takes care of all these aspects. Greater emphasis has been laid on use of new nomenclature, symbols and formulations, teaching of fundamental concepts, application of concepts in chemistry to industry/ technology, logical sequencing of units, removal of obsolete content and repetition, etc.
The curriculum of Chemistry at Senior Secondary Stage aims to:
CLASS XII (2018-19)
Total Periods (Theory 160 + Practical 60)
Time: 3 Hours
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