Tuesday, July 5, 2016

www.CBSEPORTAL.COM - : (Download) CBSE Class-12 Marking Scheme (History)

www.CBSEPORTAL.COM - : (Download) CBSE Class-12 Marking Scheme (History)

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(Download) CBSE Class-12 Marking Scheme (History)

Posted: 04 Jul 2016 05:51 AM PDT

(Download) CBSE Class-12 Marking Scheme (History)

PART A

1. Ans. Inscriptions are a vital means of reconstructing and understanding history, but however have both advantages and disadvantages that are enumerated below

Disadvantages of inscriptional evidence (Pg. 48 & 49)

  • The letters on some inscriptions may be very faintly written or parts of the inscriptions may be damaged or missing. These technical limitations act as a deterrent in reconstructing the text of the inscriptions.

  • Linguistic problems : some inscriptions may be written in languages that may not yet be understood by present day historians as the language of the inscriptions has long fallen into disuse EG : Ashokan inscriptions could only be read after James Prinsep deciphered Brahmi in 1838

  • Furthermore, inscriptions may not have lasted the ravages of time. Thus, what is available to us today may simply be a small fraction of what was written in the times of the rulers that commissioned these inscriptions to be engraved.

  • Inscriptions are written from the point of the view of the person who commissioned them. Thus, commonplace events like agricultural festivals may not be described in the inscriptions whereas court celebrations might be.

  • Engravers often used only the title of the ruler commissioning the inscription to refer to him in the engraved text, and hence, we may not be able to connect the ruler and the title unless ample evidence is available
     

EG : Ashoka is referred to as Devanampiya Piyadassi (Beloved of the gods). Only the inscription at Maski identified Ashoka by name, and hence it became evident that Devanampiya Piyadassi was a title Ashoka held.

Advantages of inscriptional evidence

  • Inscriptions give an idea of the exploits and achievements of rulers, as well as record donations made by men and women to religious institutions. (PG 29 box)

EG : Inscriptions on the railings and pillars of stupas record contributions made by ivory workers, bhikkus, bhikkunis and other such people towards the building of the stupa. (PG 96)

  • Inscriptions give us an insight into the social structure of society.
    (PG 38)

EG : A rock inscription at Girnar speaks of how the Shaka ruler, Rudradarman repaired the Sudarshna lake.

Rudradarman of the Shaka clan, was regarded as a mlechcha (barbarian or outsider) by the Brahmanas, yet rebuilt the lake, suggesting that powerful mlechchas were familiar with Sanskritic traditions.
 

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(Download) CBSE Class-12 Sample Paper (Urdu Elective)

Posted: 04 Jul 2016 02:49 AM PDT

(Download) CBSE Class-12 Sample Paper (Urdu Core)

Posted: 04 Jul 2016 02:43 AM PDT

(Download) CBSE Class-12 Sample Paper (Theatre Studies)

Posted: 04 Jul 2016 02:24 AM PDT

(Download) CBSE Class-12 Sample Paper (Sociology) 2015

Posted: 04 Jul 2016 02:19 AM PDT

(Download) CBSE Class-12 Sample Paper (Sociology) 2015

Time: 3 Hours Maximum

Marks: 80

General Instructions:

1. There are 25 questions in all.
2. All questions are compulsory.
3. Questions No. 1-14 are very short answer type questions carrying 2 marks each. Answer to each question should not exceed 30 words.
4. Questions No. 15 – 21 are short answer type questions carrying 4 marks each. Answer to each question should not exceed 80 words.
5. Questions No.22-25 are of long answer type questions carrying 6 marks each. Answer to each question should not exceed 200 words. Question no 25 is to be answered with the help of the passage given.

Q1. What do you understand by sex ratio? 2

Q2. Name two commissions set up for Other Backward Classes. 2

Q3. State the meaning of modernization. 2

Q4. Write two examples of competing interests. 2

Q5. Interpret cultural diversity in your own words. 2

Q6. Define the term 'benami transfer'. 2

Q7. The rate of mining incidents in India is higher than in the other countries. Why? 2

Q8. How were woven silk spinners and twisters of Bihar affected by globalization? 2

Q9. What do you understand by fordism? 2

Q10. Independent India was able to retain a global outlook. How? 2

Q11. Why are 'new farmer's movement' termed as 'new social movements'? 2

Q12. In what way Dalit literature espoused the cause of dalits. 2

Q13. Why the mid 1970's women's movement called the second phase of Indian women's movement? 2

Q14. Illustrate the meaning of Secularism in Western context. 2

Q15. The National Family Planning Programme was renamed as the National Family welfare programme. Describe the reasons. 4

Q16. South American proverb says –" If hard labour were really such a good thing, the rich world keep it all for themselves!" Explain it with reference to social inequality. 4

Q17. Examine the role played by strike breakers in Bombay Textile Strike of 1982? 4

Q18. Explain the relevance of Civil Society?

OR

How do States try to establish singular national identities through assimilation and integrationist strategies? 4

Q19. Describe the impact of Westernisation.

OR

Explain the process of Sanskritisation. 4

Q20. The 73rd amendment has been monumented in bringing voice to the people of villages. Discuss.

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