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(Download) CBSE Class-12 Marking Scheme (Home Science) 2014-15

Posted: 28 Jun 2016 01:16 AM PDT

(Download) CBSE Class-12 Marking Scheme (Home Science) 2014-15

1.

i)Provides atleast 100 days of guaranteed wage employment in each financial year
ii) Otherwise will get unemployment allowance
iii)Builds infrastructure ( any two) [ ½ x2=1]

2.

Growth: quantitative changes in the body
Development: changes are quantitative as well as qualitative. [1/2x2=1]

3.

i) 600mg for normal
ii) 1200 mg for pregnant woman. [½ x2=1]

4.

i) Helps the money to last the entire month
ii) Can reduce wasteful expenditure
iii) Prevents getting cheated
iv)Any other (any two) [½ x2=1]

5.

i) Width of fabric- more width more expensive.
ii) Hand embroidery is more expensive than machine embroidery.
iii) finish- mercerised more expensive
iv) Weave – twill more expensive than plain (any two) [½ x2=1]

6.

(a) B.Sc. Home Science
(b) Hons. Degree in any of the five areas
(c) Diploma in :

(i) Bakery / confectionary
(ii) Early childhood care and education
(iii)Cutting and tailoring. [1]

7.

i) increase in height/ weight
ii) underarms and pubic hair
iii) increase in breast
iv) rounding of hips
v) menstruation
vi) any other ( any four ) [ ½ x4=2]

8.

i) Achieving autonomy
ii) Developing Emotional Stability
iii) Establishing a Career
iv) Finding Intimacy
v) Adjustment to Marriage
vi) Establishing Residence
vii) Becoming a Parent ( any four) [1/2x4=2]

9.

i) Culture: traditions and festivals, e.g.gujiya is made on holi, kuutukaatta used during navratras.
ii) Media: hype created by media / advertisement - youngsters want to order that which is the latest trend
iii) Food practices: traditional foods / practice of adding jaggery in all foods in Gujarat,
iv) Food availability: region- coconut used in all meals in coastal areas [1/2x4=2]

10.

i) Apples used to prepare jam are rotten
ii) Jam prepared under unhygienic conditions
iii) Too much permitted colour/ preservative used
iv) Unpermitted preservative or unpermitted colours are used.
v) Not prepared according to prescribed standards of FSSAI.
vi) Any other (Any 4) [½ x 4=2]

11.

Recurring saving scheme (Bank):

i) It is a good saving instrument for ordinary middle class, which has a fixed amount of revenue as its monthly income.
ii)It is also suitable for small time businessmen, Traders etc, as they do not have to block a large sum, which is a requirement for other types of saving instruments.
iii) Students can open recurring deposit accounts with their pocket money they get from the parents.
iv) Minimum amount of Deposit is Rs.10. No maximum limit.
v) Once started and once one gets habituated for a couple of months, then it is taken as a fixed monthly expenditure.
vi) It is a very liquid form of investment. That is, whenever an unexpected urgent need for additional cash arises, money could be used and again continued.
vii) Recurring Deposits can be created up to 120 Months i.e. for 10 Years, starting from 6 months onwards. ( any two)

PPF Scheme

i) Ideal investment option for both salaried as well as self employed classes.
ii) Investment up to INR. 1, 00,000 per annum qualifies for IT Rebate under section 80 C of IT Act.
iii)The rate of interest is high (8.70% per annum).
iv) Loan facility available from 3rd financial year up to 5th financial year.
v) Withdrawal permitted from 6th financial year.
vi) Free from court attachment. (Any two) [1/2x4=2]

12.

i) Use any absorbent like paper/chalk/powder to absorb oil.
ii) Lay the garment flat so the stain is facing up. Cover the stain with baking soda, cornstarch or baby powder. The powder will help to absorb some of the oil from the clothing. Leave the powder on the stain for at least an hour to allow it time to work.
iii) Brush away the powder into the trash.
iv) Cover the stain with a liquid laundry detergent and soak for at least 15 minutes.
v) Wash it with hot water.

13.

i) The minimum number of women members of the informal group for which the scheme is applicable is 5;
ii) Each group is entitle to a revolving fund amount on prorate basis at Rs. 1000 per member, subject to a maximum of Rs. 15,000 per group; and
iii) The group is also entitled to a subsidy of 50% under IRDP, subject to a monetary ceiling prescribed from time to time.
iv) For improving the living condition of women and, thereby, children through the provision of opportunities for self employment and access to basic social service.

14.

Method:

i) One tablet (4 mg) is dissolved in 1 litre of water.
ii) Shaken , left for 10 minutes before consuming. [1]

Reasons:

i) kills coliform
ii) easy to use
iii) hassle free ( any two) [1]

Precautions:

i) keep in dry place
ii) should not be expired
iii) if water more dirty use 2 tablets and wait for 20 minutes before using ( any two) [1] [1x3=3]

15.

Reason: suffering from bulimia nervosa- a serious eating disorder, [ ½ mark)

Repercussions:

i) Irritation of throat and food pipe
ii) Swollen salivary glands
iii) Rectal bleeding (caused by overuse of laxatives)
iv) Dehydration and electrolyte imbalance
v) Ruptures in the upper gastrointestinal tract
vi) Kidney disorders (any 2) ( ½ mark each)

Ways to help:

i) Improve self image
ii) Assess and monitorthe adolescent's nutritional status.
iii) Correct all misconceptions about nutrition.
iv) Help them to modify their eating habit
v) Educating them about healthy foods and importance of exercise in maintaining a healthy life style. (Any 3) [½ + 1 + 1 ½ =3]

16.

i) Temporary needs to be renewed each year
ii) Gets tax rebate of 15000 per years and 20,000 for parents' medical insurance.
iii) Medical bills taken care of
iv) Free medical check up once a year
v) Cashless hospitalisation
vi) Safe
vii) Peace of mind
viii) Certain illness may not be covered in first 2-4 years [ ½ x8=4]

7.

Reduce expense:

i) Studying hard and not taking tuitions
ii) Taking home made Tiffin instead of buying food from outside.
iii) Getting books from library instead of buying them.
iv) Not buying branded clothes
v) Not indulging in impulsive buying
vi) Use public transport (any four)

Use of skills to increase real income:

i) Ironing own clothes instead of getting them ironed from a dhobi.
ii) Repairing any leaking tap instead of calling plumber
iii) Repairing any switch etc instead of giving money to electrician
iv) Bargaining prices
v) Any other [ ½ x8=4]

18.

Malpractices:

i) Use stones/ hollow weights instead of standard weights
ii) Put magnet beneath balance/ iron rings on one side
iii) Soak vegetables in water and sell
iv) Put rotten/inferior/stale vegetables and charge the price of fresh/good quality.
v) Sells adulterated vegetables( any four)

Responsibilities:

i) Be alert
ii)Pick and chose herself vegetables / do not let him choose the vegetables
iii) Check his weights / balance
iv) Refuse to buy from him
v) Complain against him to the concerned authorities.
vi) Sensitize others (any four)[½ x 8=4]

19.

i) Diagonal lines on dress
ii) v-neck
iii) no puff sleeves
iv) no heavy work/ embroidery
v) pastel colour
vi) no gathers
vii) small prints
viii) fitted but not very tight
ix) soft textured fabric
x) any other (any four with reason and description) [1x4=4]

20.

Silk:

i) Hang silk clothing on a padded hanger. Some wood or metal hangers can damage the silk and with plenty of space in between items, allowing the natural fabric to breathe.
ii) Store silk clothing in a dark, cool closet that doesn't allow in any light. Light can damage and discolour the silk.
iii) Put moth balls, cedar blocks or lavender in the storage area to keep moths away from the silk clothing.
iv) Store the silk clothing after it has been freshly washed or just returned from the dry cleaner. Perspiration stains or other types of dirt and grime can damage or ruin the silk.
v) Insert tissue paper between folds if it is a Zari silk sari.

Woollen:

i) Clean wool clothing before storage. Insects prefer to feed on wool fibers soiled with perspiration, urine, body oils or food particles. Following the care instructions on the labels, dry-clean, hand- or machine-wash your clothing items before packing them up.
ii) Place clean, completely dry wool clothing in airtight containers. Use plastic tubs with tight-fitting lids, plastic baggies with zippers or plastic sweater boxes. Seal any holes or cracks in containers with duct tape. Newspaper is also good as ink of the newspaper kills the insects.
iii) Place mothballs or moth crystals inside the storage containers.
iv) Find a cold location within your home or store the container in an unheated garage or shed.
v) Check on your stored clothing periodically. [1/2x8=4]

21.

Foods and Nutrition

i) Owner of a canteen and restaurant
ii) Food Service from home
iii) Conducting hobby classes
iv) Catering services
v) Any other (any four)

Human Development

i) Owner of a crèche, play school
ii) Run own counselling clinic
iii) Run own NGO
iv) Run own disability clinic
v) Any other (any four) [1/2x8=4]

22.

i) Discuss developmental tasks of the three stages and describe the gradual changes that come in the context of career, marriage, family, responsibilities, physical changes, leisure time activities etc.
ii) during young adulthood an individual struggles for to establish in an appropriate career according to his or her education and potential and during middle adulthood achieves the newer heights, fame and success. Should be well explained with examples. [5]

23.

Analysis:This food is not suitable for her keeping in mind her stage. It is a fried dish which may cause chemical irritation to GI tract.

Modifications:

Pakora – Besanchilla with spinach/sprout/other vegetables/Paneer
Imli chutney – Mint chutney/coriander chutney/ Groundnut chutney/ coconut chutney

Reasons:

  •  Leafy vegetables contain Vitamin A and iron

  •  Paneer add protein, calcium

  •  Sprout provideProtein, Vitamin B complex, Vitamin C

  •  Mint add folic acid required for regeneration of blood cells

  •  Coriander containVitamin A, calcium and iron.

[4]

24.

I) Definition of meal planning (one mark)

II) reasons for meal planning
i) helps to plan low cost foods
ii) helps to plan nutritious meals
iii) helps in planning variety
iv) ensures enough satiety in meals
v) helps to plan attractive meals ( any four)

III) Points to be considered for Infants:

light and digestible, bland , non spicy , no lumps , runny consistency , variety ( any four)

[ ½ x8=4+1=5]

25.

(a) Fitting – suitable according to figure
(b) Latest design
(c) Comfortable
(d) Fabric quality
(e) Workmanship

  • Cutting

  • Stitching

  • Fasteners

  • Accessories/laces etc.

  • Pleats

(f) Lining if required.

 

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(Download) CBSE Class-12 Sample Paper (Home Science) 2014-15

Posted: 28 Jun 2016 01:05 AM PDT

(Download) CBSE Class-12 Sample Paper (Home Science) 2014-15

TIME: 3 HRS

MM: 70

General Instructions:

  • There are 25 general questions.

  • Question nos. 1-6 are very short answer questions carrying 1 mark each. Answer to these questions shouldin one or two lines.

  • Question nos. 7-13 are short answer-I questions carrying 2 marks each. Answer to these questions should not exceed 10 - 20 words.

  • Question nos. 14 and 15 are case study based and picture based questions carrying 3 marks each .Answer to these questions should not exceed 20 - 30 words.\

  • Question nos. 16-21 are long answer questions carrying 4 marks each.Answer to these questions should not exceed 30 - 40 words.

  • Question nos. 22- 25are long answer questions carrying 5 marks each.Answer to these questions should not exceed 40 - 50 words.

  • Support your answer with suitable examples wherever required.

  • All questions are compulsory.

1. Bahadur lives in a village. Write the two advantages that you will tell him about the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA). [1]

2. Write the difference between growth and development. [1]

3. Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has recently revised the recommended daily allowances (RDA) for certain nutrients. What is the revised calcium requirement for a normal and apregnant woman? [1]

4. Give two reasons to maintain the household account by a family. [1]

5. State two reasons to justify the price of a costly fabric. [1]

6. Sudha has studied Home Science in class XII as one of the subjects. She wants to pursue further education in the same field. Suggest her any two options for the same. [1]

7. Identify any four physical changes in adolescent girls and list. [2]

8. You are in class XII. Write four tasks you will be required to perform to adjust better in  the next stage (early/young adulthood). [2]

9. Culture, media, food practices and food availability have a strong influence on the meal planning of a family. Support this statement with the help of one example each. [2]

10. Analyse any four conditions on the basis of which the entire lot of apple jam can be declared as adulterated by Food Safety and Standard Association of India (FSSAI). [2]

11. Write two advantages each of recurring savings scheme of bank and Public Provident Fund (PPF) scheme. [2]

12. Your school dress shirt is white and got stained by oil poured out from your tiffin box. How will you remove it? [2]\\

13. Write four features of Development of Women and Children in Rural Area (DWACRA) scheme. [2]

14. During rainy season almost everyone in a specific locality suffers from stomach ailments.You have suggested them to use chlorine tablets to make water safe for drinking. Write the method and give two reasons for your suggestion. Also write two precautionary measures while using these tablets. [3]

15. Seemaloves to eat but ofteninduces herselfto throwup her meals. What do you think she is suffering from? If she continues, what could bethe repercussions? How can she be helped? [3]

16. Your father spentRs. one lakh on his mother's medical expenses. Convince him to buy a mediclaim policy for his whole family with its eight salient features. [4]

17. Rajesh works as a clerk. His son studies in a professional college. He finds it hard to meet their monthly expenses. In what four wayscan his son help in reducing his own expensesand use his skills to increase their real income? [4]

18. Sudha buys vegetables from nearby market. Alert heron at least four ways the vendor may adopt to cheat her. Write four of her responsibilities as an aware consumer? [4]

19. Suggest an appropriate dress, keeping in mind elements of art and principles of design to suit your friend who is tall, heavy and fair. [4]

20. You have to store properly the woollen and silk clothes as these are no more suitable to wear due to the nature of weather. Suggest four points to store for each of them. [4]

21. Give four suggestions from the area of Nutrition and Human Development to justify that knowledge of Home Science can lead to self employment. [4]

22. The 'adulthood is divided into three stages: young, middle and old.

i) What are the major differences in terms of developmental tasks?
ii) How does career take shape from young adulthood to middle adulthood? [5]

23. Meera is a lactating mother who has been served potato pakoras and imli chutney for evening tea. Analyse this meal and modify it to meet her nutritional needs. Justify the modification with appropriate reasons. [5]

24. Define meal planning. Why is it important to plan meals for a family? Give two reasons. Mention four factors to be considered while planning meals for an infant? [5]

25. You want to buy a dress for your farewell party. What will be the major aspects to be checked before buying it? Explain those by giving appropriate reasons. [5]

 

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(Download) CBSE Class-12 Sample Paper (Heritage Craft) 2015

Posted: 28 Jun 2016 01:01 AM PDT

(Download) CBSE Class-12 Sample Paper (Heritage Craft) 2015

03:00 hours

Maximum Marks 70

General Instructions:

  • The question paper consists of three sections A, B and C.

  • All sections are compulsory.

  • Separate instructions are given with each section and question wherever necessary. Read these instructions carefully and follow them.

  • Do not exceed the prescribed word limit while answering the questions.

  • Section A is theory part based on the textbook which has 13 questions having a weightage of 40 marks.

  • Question 1-5 are multiple choice questions of 1 mark each, students will have to attempt all.

  • Question 6-9 are of 3 marks each, students will have to attempt all.

  • Question 10-12 are of 5 marks each, students will have to attempt all

  • Question 13 is of 8 marks and carries a choice.

  • Section B is based on field work. There are 2 questions in this section. Section B has a weightage of 20 marks.

  • Question 14 and 15 carry choice and carry 10 marks each.

  • Section C is based on application and innovation in design and processes.

  • Question 16 carries choice and is of 10 marks, students will have to attempt any one question.

  • As per the instructions given above, students will have to attempt all the questions.

Section A

40 Marks

Choose the correct option in the following – (1 x 5 = 5)

1. Which was the movement started by Gandhiji to promote Indian product?

a) Swadeshi movement
b) Non-cooperation movement
c) Quit India movement
d) Dandi March

2. Women play a major role in the making of Indian craft by -

a) Following the rituals of the family
b) Bringing the children
c) Helping in the process of craft making by being involved from the beginning till the end
d) Cooking in the house

3. The Trade Development Authority (TDA) and Trade Fair Authority of India (TFAI) were established by the

a) Government of India
b) British Government
c) West Europe
d) Middle East

4. Mingling tradition with innovations help craft persons in

a) Up lifting the sales
b) Looking aesthetical and modern at the same time
c) Creating a confused state
d) Making space for traditional craft in upcoming modern market

5. One of the major advantages of organizing Craft Mela or Crafts Bazar in a place like Delhi is to _________________

a) Promote Craft and reaching to the masses
b) Give an opportunity to the crafts men to visit Delhi
c) Provide employment to the people
d) Create awareness about Delhi

Answer the following in not more than 80-100 words each (3 x 4 = 12)

6. Elaborate the role played by ancient guilds and srenis in maintaining the standard of product.

7. What are the problems faced by skilled craft persons to reinstate themselves after natural disaster?

8. Suggest the measures to stop child labour in craft industry.

9. Describe how created facilities, education and advertisement will help craft persons to grow more.

Or

How can craft persons recover their status and esteemed place in present economic situation?

Answer the following in not more than 100 – 120 words each –(5 x 3 = 15)

10. Discuss how colonialism diverted Indian cotton craft production to suppliers of raw material.

11. How did the initiatives of Mrs. Kamla Devi Chattopadhyay help in promoting crafts after India's independence?

12. Design and development goes hand in hand for the craft sector. Explain.

Or

The traditional market places (melas and pilgrimage centers) for craft sale have advantages and disadvantages for the crafts community. Explain.

Answer the following in not more than 150 – 200 words – (8 x 1 = 8)

13. Elaborate the principles of marketing with relevant examples.

Or

How does the sale of Crafts decline with less tourism? What are the measures you suggest to promote the sale?

Section B

20 Marks

Describe each of the following in not more than 300 words. (10 x2 =20)

14. While documenting the craft tradition what was your finding on the following –

a. Material, process and techniques.
b. Social structure including role of women
c. Resources management

Or

In your opinion what are the major factors responsible for the present status of crafts being so low?

15. Describe in details, the issues and measures discussed in the class before going on the field work.

Or

Write in detail the aspects of the heritage buildings that you studied while documenting them in your city.

Section C

Describe the following in not more than 100 words. (10 x 1= 10)

16. Note down any one innovation that you brought in the craft chosen by you. Did the craft person agree to adapt it? Give reasons.

Or

Describe the measures you will take to promote sale and public awareness. Give reasons

 

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(Download) CBSE Class-12 Sample Paper (History) 2014-15

Posted: 28 Jun 2016 12:56 AM PDT

(Download) CBSE Class-12 Sample Paper (History) 2014-15

Time Allowed: 3hrs

M.M: 80

General Instructions:

1. Answer all the questions. Some questions have choice. Marks are indicated against each question.
2. Answers to questions 1 to 3, carrying 2 marks should not exceed 30 words each.
3. Answer to questions 4 – 9, carrying 4 marks, should not exceed 100 words each.
Students should attempt any 5 questions in this section.
4. Question 10 (for 4 marks) is a value based question and compulsory.
5. Answer to questions 11 to 14, carrying 8 marks each should not exceed 350 words
each. Students should attempt any 3 questions in this section.
6. Questions 15, 16 and 17 are based on sources and have no internal choice.
7. Map Question 18 includes 'identification' and 'significance' test items. Students should attach the map within the answer scripts.

Part – A

Answer all the questions given below:

2x3=6

1. Point out a shortcoming and an advantage of using inscriptions to reconstruct history.2
2. Mention two steps taken by Akbar to promote harmony in his empire. 2
3. What purpose did mapping serve to the colonial government? 2

Part – B

Section – I

Answer any five of the following questions.

4x5= 20

4. Describe the strategies used by archaeologists to track social differences in the Harappan society. 4
5. Examine the contribution of the Begums of Bhopal towards the preservation of Sanchi. 4
6. How were the water requirements of the people of Vijayanagara met? 4
7. Assess the role played by women of the imperial household in the Mughal empire. 4
8. Describe the life style of the Paharias. 4
9. 'A major cause of the revolt of 1857 was Dalhousie's occupation of Awadh.' Give reasons to justify the statement. 4

Section – II

Value Based Question. (Compulsory) 4

Read the following passage and answer the question that follows:

'God is called by many names:
Names like Allah, Ram, Karim, Keshav, Hari and Hazrat
Gold may be shaped into rings and bangles
Isn't it gold all the same?
Distinctions are only words we invent.'

10. 'The teachings of Kabir helped in strengthening values of peaceful coexistence in the society'. Explain giving examples from his ideas and state in what ways are his teachings relevant in the contemporary times to resolve conflict.

Part – C

Answer any three of the following questions.

 3x8=24

11. Critically examine the sources that have helped in reconstructing the history of the Mauryas. 8
12. Examine the lifestyle of the forest dwellers and analyse the economic and political changes that came about in the forest societies in the medieval period. 8

13. Illustrate, giving examples, the ways in which oral accounts helped in understanding the Partition better? 8
14 In what ways did Mahatma Gandhi transform the nature of the national movement? 8

Part – D

Source Based Questions

3x7=21

15. Read the following extract carefully and answer the questions that follow:

Thus speaks Devanampiya Piyadassi:
'In the past, there were no arrangements for disposing affairs, nor for receiving reports. But I have made the following (arrangements). Pativedakas should report to me about the affairs of the people at all times, anywhere, whether I am eating, in the inner apartment, in the bedroom, in the cow pen, being carried (possibly in a palanquin), or in the garden. And I will dispose of the affairs of the people anywhere.'

i. Name the ruler? What is meant by the term, Pativedaka? 1+1=2
ii. What does he want the 'Pativedakas' to do? What is his purpose? 2+2=4
iii. What does this inscription tell us about the nature of kingship of this period? 1

16. Read the following extract carefully and answer the questions that follow:

Music in the market

Read Ibn Battuta's description of Daulatabad:
In Daulatabad there is a market place for male and female singers, which is known as Tarababad. It is one of the greatest and most beautiful bazaars. It has numerous shops and every shop has a door which leads into the house of the owner…The shops are decorated with carpets and at the centre of a shop there is a swing on which sits the female singer. She is decked with all kinds of finery and her female attendants swing her. In the middle of the market place there stands a large cupola, which is carpeted and decorated and in which the chief of the musicians takes his place  every Thursday after the dawn prayers, accompanied by his servants and slaves. The female singers come in successive crowds, sing before him and dance until dusk after which he ithdraws. In this bazaar there are mosques for offering prayers…One of the Hindu rulers…alighted at the cupola every time he passed by this market place, and the female singers would sing before him. Even some Muslim rulers did the same.

i. What are the indicators in the passage that tell us that it is a market place for music? 3
ii. What reference indicates the secular nature of the market? 2
iii. 'Ibn Battuta has praised Indian cities and markets in his writings'. Elaborate. 2

17. Read the following extract carefully and answer the questions that follow:

What should be the qualities of a national language

A few months before his death Mahatma Gandhi reiterated his views on the language question:

This Hindustani should be neither Sanskritised Hindi nor Persianised Urdu but a happy combination of both. It should also freely admit words wherever necessary from the different regional languages and also assimilate words from foreign languages, provided that they can mix well and easily with our national language. Thus our national language must develop into a rich and powerful instrument capable of expressing the whole gamut of human thought and feelings.

To confine oneself to Hindi or Urdu would be a crime against intelligence and the spirit of patriotism.

HARIJAN SEVAK, 12 OCTOBER 1947

i. What, according to Gandhiji should Hindustani be and what should our national language develop to be? 2 +2=4
ii. What was the opinion of members from the South on this issue? 1
iii. How did the Constituent Assembly resolve this issue? 2

PART-E

18.Map Question 5

18.1 On the given political outline map of India, Locate and label the following. 2

a) The Capital of Avanti
b) The VajjiSangha

18.2 On the same map three places where Ashokan Pillar inscriptions have been found, are marked as 1, 2 and 3. Identify them and write their names on the lines drawn near them. 3

 

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